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Apple reveals their secrets behind 100% Recycled Aluminum while adding Machine Learning to combat Urban Canyons Issues

1 cover recycled aluminum


Today the US Patent & Trademark Office published a patent application from Apple that relates to Recycled Aluminum Alloys from manufacturing scrap with cosmetic appeal. Apple's patent shows that a lot of the work on this was done in 2018 prior to Apple announcing at their October 2018 Special Event that the MacBook Air was made from 100% recycle aluminum.


We start the video below at a point leading up to the announcement at the 21:12 mark that the MacBook Air is made with 100% recycled aluminum. That announcement drew an outburst of approval and thunderous applause.



Apple's invention provides recycled 6000 series aluminum alloys formed from scrap. The scrap can be collected from manufacturing processes of conventional aluminum alloys (e.g. 6000 series aluminum alloys or 6063 aluminum). The recycled 6000 series aluminum alloys surprisingly can provide the same or similar cosmetic appeal, mechanical properties, and microstructure as the primary aluminum alloys. The recycled 6000 series aluminum alloys can include higher Fe content, higher Mn content, and/or higher Si content than aluminum alloys made from primary aluminum.


For environmentalists around the world, review Apple's patent application 20200048744 here. The patent covers segments titled: Process for Cleaning and Removing Oxides from Scrap; Cosmetic Appeal; Mechanical Properties;  Thermal Conductivity; Microstructure, and more.


2 X


Combating Location Services in Urban Canyons using Machine Learning


3A Urban Canyons


Apple's engineering teams have been working on systems that combat disruption of location services caused by Urban Canyons since 2013 with their first patent on this being published in 2014. A second patent on this was published in 2015 and a third patent published in 2016. We covered the last patent in a report titled "Apple Granted a Patent for an accurate 3D Navigation System that Assists Users in Urban Canyons."


Today the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office published yet another invention to advance this project and this time they're making the leap to include machine learning.


Apple's patent FIG. 1 below illustrates an example environment in which an electronic device may use a machine learning model in conjunction with GNSS positioning to estimate device location; FIG. 6 illustrates a flow diagram of an example process for generating a machine learning model.


4 GNSS Satellite + Machine Learning


The machine learning model is trained based on comparisons between the GNSS position estimates and reference positioning system estimates at respective times, together with parameter(s) indicating a position of the device relative to one or more GNSS satellites of the GNSS positioning system at the respective times that the measurements were captured.


In one or more implementations, an input to the machine learning model (e.g., or method) may be sets of measurement errors. In this case, measurements may refer to pseudo-range and range rate measurements.


While this isn't an invention that excites consumers, they certainly appreciate the end result of being able to access the internet quickly and without disruption while in the downtown core of every major city.  


Apple's patent application 20200049837 that was published today by the U.S. Patent Office was filed back in Q3 2019 with previous work on this stemming from a 2018 patent. Considering that this is a patent application, the timing of such a product to market is unknown at this time. For those wanting to dive further into the patent click here.


10.51FX - Patent Application Bar


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